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Respir Res. 2016 Aug 26;17(1):106. doi: 10.1186/s12931-016-0421-9.

The impact of comorbidities on productivity loss in asthma patients.

Author information

1
Experimental Medicine Program, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
2
Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Mark.Fitzgerald@vch.ca.
3
Institute for HEART + LUNG Health, Department of Medicine (Respiratory Division), The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Mark.Fitzgerald@vch.ca.
4
Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Mark.Fitzgerald@vch.ca.
5
Institute of Heart and Lung Health, The Lung Centre, 2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1 M9, Canada. Mark.Fitzgerald@vch.ca.
6
Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
7
Institute for HEART + LUNG Health, Department of Medicine (Respiratory Division), The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
8
Department of Medicine, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Lung Disease, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
9
Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
10
Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
11
Kelowna Allergy & Respirology Research, Kelowna, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Health-related productivity loss is an important, yet overlooked, component of the economic burden of disease in asthma patients of a working age. We aimed at evaluating the effect of comorbidities on productivity loss among adult asthma patients.

METHODS:

In a random sample of employed adults with asthma, we measured comorbidities using a validated self-administered comorbidity questionnaire (SCQ), as well as productivity loss, including absenteeism and presenteeism, using validated instruments. Productivity loss was measured in 2010 Canadian dollars ($). We used a two-part regression model to estimate the adjusted difference of productivity loss across levels of comorbidity, controlling for potential confounding variables.

RESULTS:

284 adults with the mean age of 47.8 (SD 11.8) were included (68 % women). The mean SCQ score was 2.47 (SD 2.97, range 0-15) and the average productivity loss was $317.5 per week (SD $858.8). One-unit increase in the SCQ score was associated with 14 % (95 % CI 1.02-1.28) increase in the odds of reporting productivity loss, and 9.0 % (95 % CI 1.01-1.18) increase in productivity loss among those reported any loss of productivity. A person with a SCQ score of 15 had almost $1000 per week more productivity loss than a patient with a SCQ of zero.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study deepens the evidence-base on the burden of asthma, by demonstrating that comorbidities substantially decrease productivity in working asthma patients. Asthma management strategies must be cognizant of the role of comorbidities to properly incorporate the effect of comorbidity and productivity loss in estimating the benefit of disease management strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Absenteeism; Asthma; Comorbidities; Presenteeism; Productivity loss

PMID:
27565431
PMCID:
PMC5002149
DOI:
10.1186/s12931-016-0421-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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