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Behav Brain Sci. 2016 Jan;39:e103. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X15001090.

Agriculture increases individual fitness.

Author information

1
Department of Philosophy,University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA 19104-6304kkovaka@sas.upenn.educgraysan@gmail.compater@sas.upenn.eduweisberg@phil.upenn.eduhttp://philosophy.sas.upenn.edu/bio/kovakahttp://philosophy.sas.upenn.edu/bio/santanahttp://philosophy.sas.upenn.edu/bio/patelhttp://www.phil.upenn.edu/~weisberg.
2
Department of Biology,University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA 19104-6304.eakcay@sas.upenn.eduhttp://www.bio.upenn.edu/people/erol-akcay.

Abstract

We question the need to explain the onset of agriculture by appealing to the second type of multilevel selection (MLS2). Unlike eusocial insect colonies, human societies do not exhibit key features of evolutionary individuals. If we avoid the mistake of equating Darwinian fitness with health and quality of life, the adoption of agriculture is almost certainly explicable in terms of individual-level selection and individual rationality.

PMID:
27561384
DOI:
10.1017/S0140525X15001090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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