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Front Neurosci. 2016 Aug 10;10:361. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2016.00361. eCollection 2016.

Sensory Entrainment Mechanisms in Auditory Perception: Neural Synchronization Cortico-Striatal Activation.

Author information

1
Service de Neuropsychologie et de Neuroréhabilitation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois Lausanne, Switzerland.
2
Service de Neuropsychologie et de Neuroréhabilitation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire VaudoisLausanne, Switzerland; The Laboratory for Investigative Neurophysiology, Department of Radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire VaudoisLausanne, Switzerland; Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge, MA, USA.

Abstract

The auditory system displays modulations in sensitivity that can align with the temporal structure of the acoustic environment. This sensory entrainment can facilitate sensory perception and is particularly relevant for audition. Systems neuroscience is slowly uncovering the neural mechanisms underlying the behaviorally observed sensory entrainment effects in the human sensory system. The present article summarizes the prominent behavioral effects of sensory entrainment and reviews our current understanding of the neural basis of sensory entrainment, such as synchronized neural oscillations, and potentially, neural activation in the cortico-striatal system.

KEYWORDS:

auditory; beat; entrainment; neural oscillations; phase-locking; predictive coding; regularity; striatum

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