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J Infect Dis. 2016 Nov 1;214(9):1370-1375. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Association Between Vaginal Douching and Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Women in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Behavioral Science.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens.
3
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.
4
Department of Biostatistics (Division of Quantitative Sciences).
5
Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston.

Abstract

The very few studies that have examined the association between vaginal douching and genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have found contrary results. We investigated the associations between douching and numbers of HPV genotypes infecting 1271 participants aged 20-49 years in the 2003-2004 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. After controlling for relevant covariates, douching in the past 6 months was significantly associated with infection by higher numbers of all genital HPV types (relative risk ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.54) and HPV high-risk types (1.40; 1.09-1.80).

KEYWORDS:

United States; cervical cancer; human papillomavirus; vaginal douching

PMID:
27553042
PMCID:
PMC6281373
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jiw388
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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