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Eat Weight Disord. 2017 Mar;22(1):13-26. doi: 10.1007/s40519-016-0313-5. Epub 2016 Aug 23.

Medical comorbidity of binge eating disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Clinica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.
2
Mental Health Unit, Department of Surgery, Hospital Clinico Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
3
Lindner Center of HOPE, 4075 Old Western Row Road, Mason, OH, 45040, USA. anna.guerdjikova@lindnercenter.org.
4
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA. anna.guerdjikova@lindnercenter.org.
5
Lindner Center of HOPE, 4075 Old Western Row Road, Mason, OH, 45040, USA.
6
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To gain further understanding of the general medical comorbidity of binge eating disorder (BED) beyond its association with obesity.

METHOD:

We reviewed studies of general medical comorbidity in people with BED or clinically significant binge eating behavior beyond obesity. We also reviewed studies of BED in specific medical conditions.

RESULTS:

Three broad study categories of medical comorbidity in BED were found: cross-sectional studies of medical conditions in BED; prospective studies of medical conditions in BED; and studies of BED in specific medical conditions. Cross-sectional epidemiologic data suggest that BED is associated with medical conditions related to obesity, including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemias, sleep problems/disorders, and pain conditions, and that BED may be related to these conditions independent of obesity and co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Prospective data suggest that BED may be associated with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. BED or binge eating behavior is also associated with asthma and gastrointestinal symptoms and disorders, and among women, menstrual dysfunction, pregnancy complications, intracranial hypertension, and polycystic ovary syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS:

BED is associated with substantial medical comorbidity beyond obesity. Further study of the general medical comorbidity of BED and its relationship to obesity and co-occurring psychiatric disorders is greatly needed.

KEYWORDS:

Binge eating; Diabetes; Medical comorbidity; Metabolic syndrome; Obesity

PMID:
27553016
DOI:
10.1007/s40519-016-0313-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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