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J Steroid Biochem. 1989 Jun;32(6):781-8.

R 76713, a new specific non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor.

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1
Department of Endocrinology and Oncology, Janssen Research Foundation, Beerse, Belgium.

Abstract

The effects of R 76713, a new triazole derivative, on rat ovarian, testicular and adrenal steroidogenesis were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. In vitro R 76713 is a very potent inhibitor of the aromatase enzyme in rat granulosa cells, showing an IC50-value of 3.0 +/- 0.2 nM. The compound is about 1000 times more active than aminoglutethimide which shows an IC50-value of 3900 +/- 2800 nM in the same system. R 76713 is also a highly selective aromatase inhibitor. In cultures of ovarian, testicular and adrenal cells, formation of progesterone, androgens and glucocorticoids was only affected by drug concentrations higher than 1 microM. In vivo, single oral drug doses of 0.05 mg/kg lowered plasma estradiol levels of PMSG-primed female rats by more than 90%. An ED50-value of 0.005 mg/kg could be calculated. A single oral dose of 1 mg/kg suppressed plasma estradiol levels almost completely for 24 h. A dose of 0.1 mg/kg lowered plasma estradiol by more than 90% for 8 h. In vivo, R 76713 also showed a highly selective profile. In LHRH/ACTH-injected rats, plasma levels of testicular and adrenal steroids remained unchanged after administration of a drug dose of 20 mg/kg. R 76713 at drug concentrations of 10 microM, showed no interaction in vitro with estrogen-, progestin-, androgen- and glucocorticoid-receptors. Given orally at 20 mg/kg for 3 days the compound also showed no estrogen or androgen agonistic or antagonistic effects.

PMID:
2755126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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