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Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2016 Nov;89(8):1279-1287. Epub 2016 Aug 22.

Absenteeism due to mental health problems and systems for return to work: an internet-based unmatched case-control study.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. s-sshara@md.tsukuba.ac.jp.
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
4
International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for absenteeism due to mental health problems with regard to company characteristics and systems for return to work in Japan.

METHODS:

This was an Internet-based unmatched case-control study. Two hundred and fifty-eight workers who experienced over 28 days of sick leave due to mental health problems (cases) and 258 workers who have not taken sick leave (controls) were recruited. Company characteristics and the awareness and presence of systems for return to work were analysed as indicators of absenteeism.

RESULTS:

A total of 501 workers were included in the analysis. Females were less likely to experience absenteeism when adjustments were made for both the awareness and presence of systems [odds ratio (OR) = 0.51 and 0.41, respectively]. Large companies showed an increased risk of having absentee workers than small companies. The awareness of a gradual resumption system and the presence of a sick pay system were related to absenteeism (OR = 2.75 and 2.40, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

The awareness and presence of systems for return to work are related to the long-term absenteeism. The predictors of sex and company size are also related to the experience of the long-term absenteeism. To understand the effect of systems for return to work on absenteeism due to mental problems, further studies are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Absenteeism; Company regulation; Return to work; Risk factors; Sickness absence

PMID:
27549798
DOI:
10.1007/s00420-016-1162-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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