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J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2017 Sep 1;6(3):267-274. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piw047.

Clinical Impact and Provider Acceptability of Real-Time Antimicrobial Stewardship Decision Support for Rapid Diagnostics in Children With Positive Blood Culture Results.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Hospital Medicine, University of Colorado/Children's Hospital.
3
Pharmacy.
4
Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, University of Colorado School of Public Health.
5
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado.
6
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine.
7
Department of Epidemiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora.

Abstract

Background:

Rapid diagnostic technologies for infectious diseases have the potential to improve clinical outcomes, but guideline-recommended antimicrobial stewardship (AS) strategies are not currently optimized for rapid intervention. We evaluated the clinical impact and provider acceptability of implementing real-time AS decision support for children with positive blood culture results according to the FilmArray blood culture identification panel (BCID [BioFire Diagnostics]) at Children's Hospital Colorado.

Methods:

A pre-post quasi-experimental design was used to compare the outcomes of 100 postintervention children with positive blood culture results matched with 200 preintervention control children. Causative organisms in the preintervention group were identified using conventional microbiologic techniques and communicated to providers by a microbiology technologist. Postintervention organisms were identified by the BCID and communicated by an AS provider in real time with interpretation and antimicrobial recommendations. The primary outcome was time to optimal antimicrobial therapy (time from blood culture collection to start of predetermined pathogen-specific regimen or antimicrobial discontinuation for contaminants) compared by a log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Provider acceptability of the intervention was assessed via E-mailed surveys.

Results:

The median time to optimal therapy decreased from 60.2 hours before intervention to 26.7 hours after intervention (P = .001). Among children with blood cultures that contained true pathogens, the time to effective antimicrobial therapy decreased from 6.9 to 3.4 hours (P = .03). Unnecessary antibiotic initiation for children with a culture that contained organisms considered to be contaminants decreased from 76% to 26% (P < .001). Providers reported a change in management as a result of BCID results in 73% of the cases and a mean overall satisfaction rating of 4.8 on a 5-point Likert scale.

Conclusions:

Real-time AS decision support for rapid diagnostics is associated with improved antimicrobial use and high satisfaction ratings by providers.

KEYWORDS:

antimicrobial stewardship; bloodstream infections; outcomes; rapid diagnostics

PMID:
27543412
PMCID:
PMC5907879
DOI:
10.1093/jpids/piw047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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