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Cancer Lett. 2016 Oct 28;381(2):359-69. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2016.08.009. Epub 2016 Aug 16.

Long non-coding RNA H19 regulates glioma angiogenesis and the biological behavior of glioma-associated endothelial cells by inhibiting microRNA-29a.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, College of Basic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People's Republic of China; Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, People's Republic of China; Liaoning Research Center for Translational Medicine in Nervous System Disease, Shenyang 110004, People's Republic of China.
3
Department of Neurobiology, College of Basic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People's Republic of China; Institute of Pathology and Pathophysiology, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: xueyixue888@163.com.

Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the development and progression of glioma. Previous studies indicated that lncRNA H19 regulated tumor carcinogenesis, angiogenesis and metastasis. This study aimed to investigate its functional role in glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation as well as its possible molecular mechanisms. H19 was up-regulated in microvessels from glioma tissues and glioma-associated endothelial cells (GEC) cultured in glioma conditioned medium. Knockdown of H19 suppressed glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro and meanwhile up-regulated the expression of miR-29a. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay defined that H19 mediated the above effects via directly binding to miR-29a. In addition, miR-29a targeted 3'-UTR region of vasohibin 2 (VASH2) and decreased its expression. VASH2 has been identified as an angiogenic factor. Knockdown of H19 also decreased the VASH2 expression by up-regulating miR-29a. In conclusion, the results indicated that knockdown of H19 suppressed glioma induced angiogenesis by inhibiting microRNA-29a, which may modulate the onset of glioma by regulating biological behaviors of glioma vascular endothelial cells.

KEYWORDS:

Glioma; H19; MicroRNA-29a; VASH2; Vascular endothelial cell

PMID:
27543358
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2016.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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