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Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2016 Nov;28(6):657-60. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0000000000000327.

Epidemiology of sporadic inclusion body myositis.

Author information

1
aDepartment of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital (OUH) bInstitute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

In this review, we describe recent progress in the clinical epidemiology of sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM).

RECENT FINDINGS:

In a population-based, retrospective study from Norway, performed with a denominator population of 2.6 million; and with cases defined by the 1997 and/or 2011 European Neuro-Muscular Centre Research Diagnostic criteria, the estimated point prevalence of IBM was 3.3/100 000. Mean time from symptom onset to diagnosis was 5.6 years, longer than in earlier studies. The male to female ratio was 3 : 2, and the mean age at diagnosis 67 years, very similar to figures reported this year from a nationwide, Dutch myopathy registry. Coexisting rheumatic diseases were recorded in 25% of Norwegian IBM cases, with Sjøgren's syndrome as the most commonly encountered. Mortality was increased in IBM, with a standardized mortality rate of 1.7, but there was no indication of increased cancer risk.

SUMMARY:

Population-based data indicate that the prevalence of IBM in Europe is higher than expected from previous studies. Diagnostic delay appears to be a persisting problem in IBM; a major challenge with promising new therapies on the horizon.

PMID:
27541181
DOI:
10.1097/BOR.0000000000000327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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