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J Multidiscip Healthc. 2016 Aug 1;9:335-44. doi: 10.2147/JMDH.S103881. eCollection 2016.

Adoption of e-health technology by physicians: a scoping review.

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Department of Community Health Sciences, W21C Research and Innovation Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary.
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.
Toronto Public Library, Toronto, ON, Canada.



The goal of this scoping review was to summarize the current literature identifying barriers and opportunities that facilitate adoption of e-health technology by physicians.


Scoping review.


MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases as provided by Ovid were searched from their inception to July 2015. Studies captured by the search strategy were screened by two reviewers and included if the focus was on barriers and facilitators of e-health technology adoption by physicians.


Full-text screening yielded 74 studies to be included in the scoping review. Within those studies, eleven themes were identified, including cost and liability issues, unwillingness to use e-health technology, and training and support.


Cost and liability issues, unwillingness to use e-health technology, and training and support were the most frequently mentioned barriers and facilitators to the adoption of e-health technology. Government-level payment incentives and privacy laws to protect health information may be the key to overcome cost and liability issues. The adoption of e-health technology may be facilitated by tailoring to the individual physician's knowledge of the e-health technology and the use of follow-up sessions for physicians and on-site experts to support their use of the e-health technology. To ensure the effective uptake of e-health technologies, physician perspectives need to be considered in creating an environment that enables the adoption of e-health strategies.


attitude of health personnel; diffusion of innovation; electronic medical records; information seeking behavior; medical informatics

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