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Br J Sports Med. 2016 Sep;50(17):1043-52. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096572.

How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness.

Author information

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute for Sport, Exercise Medicine and Lifestyle Research, Section Sports Medicine, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
2
Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland.
3
Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
4
Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway.
5
Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Olympic Training Center (Olympiatoppen), Oslo, Norway.
6
School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia and School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
7
School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
8
Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
9
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
10
Human Physiology Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
11
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
12
Medical Department, Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association, Amersfoort, The Netherlands Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, IOC Research Centre for Prevention of Injury and Protection of Athlete Health, VUmc/AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
13
World Rugby, Dublin, Ireland.
14
Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome. The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load-including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel-and health outcomes in sport. This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport. These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified.

KEYWORDS:

Illness; Overtraining; Overtraining and burnout; Training; Training load

PMID:
27535991
PMCID:
PMC5013087
DOI:
10.1136/bjsports-2016-096572
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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