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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Nov;1859(11):1368-1379. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2016.08.006. Epub 2016 Aug 12.

RBM4-Nova1-SRSF6 splicing cascade modulates the development of brown adipocytes.

Author information

1
School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: lin2511@tmu.edu.tw.
2
School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

Alternative splicing (AS) is a pivotal mechanism for the expansion of gene diversity, which determines the cellular fate or specification. However, the effect of AS networks on brown adipogenesis has not been comprehensively investigated. In this study, we identified the discriminative splicing profiles of RNA-binding motif protein 4a-knockout (RBM4a-/-) brown adipocytes (BAs) and compared them with those of their wild-type counterparts through deep RNA-sequencing. Among these candidates, RBM4a ablation enhanced the relative level of exon 4-excluded neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1 (Nova1-4) transcripts, which were predominantly generated in embryonic BAs. By contrast, most of the Nova1 transcripts were exon 4-included (Nova1+4) in mature BAs. The Nova1 isoforms exhibited differential effects on repressing the development of BAs. Moreover, overexpression of Nova1 proteins reduced the serine/arginine splicing factor 6 (SRSF6) level by enhancing the generation of intron 2-included (SRSF6+intron 2) transcripts, which are a putative candidate of the AS-coupled nonsense-mediated decay mechanism. Furthermore, we observed the positive effect of SRSF6 on BA development. These results highlight the hierarchical role of RBM4a in an AS cascade that manipulates brown adipogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

Alternative splicing; Brown adipocytes; Nova1; RBM4a; SRSF6

PMID:
27535496
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbagrm.2016.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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