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J Clin Psychol. 2016 Aug;72(8):847-55. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22366. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Community Norms and Human Rights: Supervising Haitian Colleagues on Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) With a Depressed and Abused Pregnant Woman.

Author information

1
Teachers College, Columbia University. verdeli@tc.columbia.edu.
2
Zanmi Lasante.
3
Teachers College, Columbia University.
4
Partners In Health.
5
Harvard Medical School.
6
Boston Children's Hospital.

Abstract

After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Zanmi Lasante, a local health care organization, implemented a collaborative stepped-care model to address depression in community and primary care settings in rural Haiti. Specialized community health workers, the ajans santé, collaborate with local psychologists and primary care doctors to offer home-based evaluation, support, and follow-up. The services include brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and/or medication to persons who met locally defined criteria for depression. A cross-national (Haiti-United States) expert mental health team has been overseeing the program. The present IPT supervision case of a severely depressed, physically abused, and pregnant young woman illustrates the U.S.-based supervisor's internal struggle to reconcile awareness of and respect for local norms while maintaining a human rights-based framework. It also highlights the critical role of community health workers in addressing the mental health treatment gap in regions plagued by extreme poverty and adversity.

KEYWORDS:

community health workers; evidence-based intervention; human rights; interpersonal psychotherapy; mental health system; supervision

PMID:
27532745
DOI:
10.1002/jclp.22366
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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