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Psychooncology. 2017 Nov;26(11):1901-1906. doi: 10.1002/pon.4254. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Effects of a multicomponent physical activity behavior change intervention on fatigue, anxiety, and depressive symptomatology in breast cancer survivors: randomized trial.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
2
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
3
Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, IL, USA.
4
Statistics and Research Informatics Core, Center for Clinical Research, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.
6
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the effects of the 3-month multicomponent Better Exercise Adherence after Treatment for Cancer (BEAT Cancer) physical activity behavior change intervention on fatigue, depressive symptomatology, and anxiety.

METHODS:

Postprimary treatment breast cancer survivors (n = 222) were randomized to BEAT Cancer or usual care. Fatigue Symptom Inventory and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were assessed at baseline, postintervention (month 3; M3), and follow-up (month 6; M6).

RESULTS:

Adjusted linear mixed-model analyses demonstrated significant effects of BEAT Cancer vs usual care on fatigue intensity (M3 mean between group difference [M] = -0.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] = -1.0 to -0.2; effect size [d] = -0.32; P = .004), fatigue interference (M3 M = -0.8; CI = -1.3 to -0.4; d = -0.40; P < .001), depressive symptomatology (M3 M = -1.3; CI = -2.0 to -0.6; d = -0.38; P < .001), and anxiety (M3 M = -1.3; CI = -2.0 to -0.5; d = -0.33; P < .001). BEAT Cancer effects remained significant at M6 for all outcomes (all P values <.05; d = -0.21 to -.35). Clinically meaningful effects were noted for fatigue intensity, fatigue interference, and depressive symptomatology.

CONCLUSIONS:

BEAT Cancer reduces fatigue, depressive symptomatology, and anxiety up to 3 months postintervention in postprimary treatment breast cancer survivors. Further study is needed to determine sustainable methods for disseminating and implementing the beneficial intervention components.

KEYWORDS:

cancer; exercise; oncology; psychosocial; survivorship

PMID:
27530961
PMCID:
PMC5511085
DOI:
10.1002/pon.4254
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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