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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2016 Nov - Dec;48(10):683-690.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2016.07.002. Epub 2016 Aug 12.

Fruit and Vegetable, Fat, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Low-Income Mothers Living in Neighborhoods With Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education.

Author information

1
Mental Health Services Oversight and Accountability Commission, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: Fred.Molitor@mhsoac.ca.gov.
2
Public Health Institute Center for Wellness and Nutrition, Sacramento, CA.
3
Research and Evaluation Section, Nutrition Education and Obesity Prevention Branch, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, CA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine among low-income mothers the consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV), high-fat foods, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and overall diet quality in relation to levels of reach of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) interventions across 2,907 California census tracts.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional telephone survey conducted from April through October, 2014 using the Automated Self-administered 24-Hour Recall dietary assessment.

PARTICIPANTS:

Mothers or primary caregivers (n = 6,355) from randomly selected SNAP households. The sample was 42.6% Latina, 25.5% white, and 17.6% African American. The response rate was 60.5%.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Cups of FV; calories from high-fat foods; and cups of SSBs, overall and from items purchased from fast-food restaurants. Overall diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2010.

ANALYSIS:

Linear regression controlling for race/ethnicity and education, with significance at P ≤ .05.

RESULTS:

Mothers from high SNAP-Ed reach census tracts ate more cups of FV, consumed fewer calories from high-fat foods, and drank fewer cups of SSBs. Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores did not vary by levels of SNAP-Ed reach.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education interventions are related to increased intake of FV and decreased consumption of high-fat foods and SSBs, but not overall diet quality. Future studies should include assessment of physical activity to investigate caloric balance in association with levels of SNAP-Ed interventions.

KEYWORDS:

24-hour recall; SNAP-Ed; ecological; fat; fruit; mother; nutrition education; sugar-sweetened beverage; vegetable

PMID:
27527908
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2016.07.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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