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Cereb Cortex. 2017 Sep 1;27(9):4379-4395. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhw240.

Predicting Neural Activity Patterns Associated with Sentences Using a Neurobiologically Motivated Model of Semantic Representation.

Author information

1
Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, NY14627, USA.
2
Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Neurology, Milwaukee, WI53226, USA.
3
Teledyne Scientific Company, Durham, NC27703, USA.

Abstract

We introduce an approach that predicts neural representations of word meanings contained in sentences then superposes these to predict neural representations of new sentences. A neurobiological semantic model based on sensory, motor, social, emotional, and cognitive attributes was used as a foundation to define semantic content. Previous studies have predominantly predicted neural patterns for isolated words, using models that lack neurobiological interpretation. Fourteen participants read 240 sentences describing everyday situations while undergoing fMRI. To connect sentence-level fMRI activation patterns to the word-level semantic model, we devised methods to decompose the fMRI data into individual words. Activation patterns associated with each attribute in the model were then estimated using multiple-regression. This enabled synthesis of activation patterns for trained and new words, which were subsequently averaged to predict new sentences. Region-of-interest analyses revealed that prediction accuracy was highest using voxels in the left temporal and inferior parietal cortex, although a broad range of regions returned statistically significant results, showing that semantic information is widely distributed across the brain. The results show how a neurobiologically motivated semantic model can decompose sentence-level fMRI data into activation features for component words, which can be recombined to predict activation patterns for new sentences.

KEYWORDS:

concepts; embodiment; lexical semantics; multimodal model; semantic memory

PMID:
27522069
DOI:
10.1093/cercor/bhw240
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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