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Exp Gerontol. 2016 Nov;84:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2016.08.004. Epub 2016 Aug 10.

Effects of rumenic acid rich conjugated linoleic acid supplementation on cognitive function and handgrip performance in older men and women.

Author information

1
Neuromuscular Research and Imaging Laboratory, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, University of Nebraska-, Lincoln, NE, USA.
2
Human Performance Laboratory, 141 Mabel Lee Hall, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA.
3
Neuromuscular Research and Imaging Laboratory, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, University of Nebraska-, Lincoln, NE, USA. Electronic address: jcramer@unl.edu.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8weeks at 6g per day of RAR CLA versus placebo on cognitive function and handgrip performance in older men and women. Sixty-five (43 women, 22 men) participants (mean±SD; age=72.4±5.9yrs; BMI=26.6±4.2kg·m-2) were randomly assigned to a RAR CLA (n=30: 10 men, 20 women) or placebo (PLA; high oleic sunflower oil; n=35: 12 men, 23 women) group in double-blind fashion and consumed 6g·d-1 of their allocated supplement for 8weeks. Before (Visit 1) and after supplementation (Visit 2), subjects completed the Serial Sevens Subtraction Test (S7), Trail Making Test Part A (TMA) and Part B (TMB), and Rey's Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) to measure cognitive function. The RAVLT included 5, 15-item auditory word recalls (R1-5), an interference word recall (RB), a 6th word recall (R6), and a 15-item visual word recognition trial (RR). For handgrip performance, subjects completed maximal voluntary isometric handgrip strength (MVIC) testing before (MVICPRE) and after (MVICPOST) a handgrip fatigue test at 50% MVICPRE. Hand joint discomfort was measured during MVICPRE, MVICPOST, and the handgrip fatigue test. There were no treatment differences (p>0.05) for handgrip strength, handgrip fatigue, or cognitive function as measured by the Trail Making Test and Serial Seven's Subtraction Test in men or women. However, RAR CLA supplementation improved cognitive function as indicated by the RAVLT R5 in men. A qualitative examination of the mean change scores suggested that, compared to PLA, RAR CLA supplementation was associated with a small improvement in joint discomfort in both men and women. Longer-term studies are needed to more fully understand the potential impact of RAR CLA on cognitive function and hand joint discomfort in older adults, particularly in those with lower cognitive function.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Cognition; Fatigue; Joint discomfort; Lipids; Octadecadienoic acid

PMID:
27521997
DOI:
10.1016/j.exger.2016.08.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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