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J Endod. 2016 Oct;42(10):1536-9. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2016.06.019. Epub 2016 Aug 9.

Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Reciproc, WaveOne, and WaveOne Gold Nickel-Titanium Instruments.

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Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey. Electronic address:



The purpose of this study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc R25 (VDW, Munich, Germany), WaveOne Primary (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and WaveOne Gold Primary files (Dentsply Maillefer).


Twenty Reciproc R25, 20 WaveOne Primary, and 20 WaveOne Gold Primary instruments were included in this study. The cyclic fatigue tests were performed using a cyclic fatigue testing device, which has an artificial stainless steel canal with a 60° angle of curvature and a 5-mm radius of curvature. The files were randomly divided into 3 groups (group 1: Reciproc R25; group 2: WaveOne Primary; and group 3: WaveOne Gold Primary). All the instruments were rotated until fracture occurred, and the time to fracture was recorded in seconds using a digital chronometer. The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was calculated. The data were analyzed statistically (P < .05).


There was a significant difference among the groups (P < .05). The WaveOne Gold Primary showed the greatest mean of NCF (1628 ± 107), and the WaveOne Primary showed the lowest mean of NCF (1153 ± 119.2).


Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the cyclic fatigue resistance of the WaveOne Gold Primary single-file system was higher than the WaveOne Primary and Reciproc R25 single-file instruments.


Cyclic fatigue resistance; Reciproc; WaveOne Gold; endodontics; static model

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