Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 1;63(7):e147-e195. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw376. Epub 2016 Aug 10.

Official American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guidelines: Treatment of Drug-Susceptible Tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Universityof California, San Francisco.
2
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
3
California Department of Public Health, Richmond.
4
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
5
National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado.
6
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
7
Tuberculosis Control Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, California.
8
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
9
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
10
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
11
Tuberculosis Control Program, Seattle and King County Public Health, and University of Washington, Seattle.
12
Ethics Advisory Group, International Union Against TB and Lung Disease, Paris, France.
13
University of Florida, Gainesville.
14
Boston University, Massachusetts.
15
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
16
University of Sassari, Italy.
17
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
18
WHO Collaborating Centre for TB and Lung Diseases, Fondazione S. Maugeri Care and Research Institute, Tradate, Italy.

Abstract

The American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Infectious Diseases Society of America jointly sponsored the development of this guideline for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis, which is also endorsed by the European Respiratory Society and the US National Tuberculosis Controllers Association. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Canadian Thoracic Society, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and the World Health Organization also participated in the development of the guideline. This guideline provides recommendations on the clinical and public health management of tuberculosis in children and adults in settings in which mycobacterial cultures, molecular and phenotypic drug susceptibility tests, and radiographic studies, among other diagnostic tools, are available on a routine basis. For all recommendations, literature reviews were performed, followed by discussion by an expert committee according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. Given the public health implications of prompt diagnosis and effective management of tuberculosis, empiric multidrug treatment is initiated in almost all situations in which active tuberculosis is suspected. Additional characteristics such as presence of comorbidities, severity of disease, and response to treatment influence management decisions. Specific recommendations on the use of case management strategies (including directly observed therapy), regimen and dosing selection in adults and children (daily vs intermittent), treatment of tuberculosis in the presence of HIV infection (duration of tuberculosis treatment and timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy), as well as treatment of extrapulmonary disease (central nervous system, pericardial among other sites) are provided. The development of more potent and better-tolerated drug regimens, optimization of drug exposure for the component drugs, optimal management of tuberculosis in special populations, identification of accurate biomarkers of treatment effect, and the assessment of new strategies for implementing regimens in the field remain key priority areas for research. See the full-text online version of the document for detailed discussion of the management of tuberculosis and recommendations for practice.

KEYWORDS:

HIV infections; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; antitubercular agents; case management; public health

PMID:
27516382
PMCID:
PMC6590850
DOI:
10.1093/cid/ciw376
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center