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Sports Med Open. 2016 Jul 25;2:27. eCollection 2015 Jun.

Medical Care for Swimmers.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO USA.
2
Edelman Spine & Orthopaedic Physical Therapy, Dover, DE USA ; Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE USA.
3
United State Olympic Committee, Colorado Springs, CO USA.
4
Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington and Seattle Children's Sports Medicine, Seattle, WA USA.
5
Marin Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Novto, CA USA.
6
Winter Sports, United States Olympic Committee, Colorado Springs, CO USA.
7
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Family Medicine, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and School of Medicine, Aurora, CO USA.
8
Department of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI USA.
9
Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia.
10
Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Orthopaedic Surgery, The Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY USA ; Tissue Engineering, Regeneration, and Repair Program, The Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY USA.

Abstract

Swimming is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Competitive swimming is one of the most watched sports during the Olympic Games. Swimming has unique medical challenges as a result of a variety of environmental and chemical exposures. Musculoskeletal overuse injuries, overtraining, respiratory problems, and dermatologic conditions are among the most common problems swimmers encounter. Although not unique to swimming, overtraining is a serious condition which can have significant negative impact on swimmers' health and performance. This review article is an attempt to discuss various issues that a medical team should consider when caring for swimmers.

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