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J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Jul;28(7):2128-31. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.2128. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

Effects of concentric and eccentric control exercise on gross motor function and balance ability of paretic leg in children with spastic hemiplegia.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Health and Medicine, Daejeon University, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Daejeon University, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Medical Science, Daejeon University, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

[Purpose] This study examines the effect of concentric and eccentric control training of the paretic leg on balance and gross motor function in children with spastic hemiplegia. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty children with spastic hemiplegia were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, 20 min of neurodevelopmental therapy and 20 min of concentric and eccentric control exercise were applied to the paretic leg. In the control group, 40 min of neurodevelopmental therapy was applied. The Pediatric Balance Scale test and standing and gait items of the Gross Motor Function Measure were evaluated before and after intervention. [Results] In the experimental group, Gross Motor Function Measure and Pediatric Balance Scale scores statistically significantly increased after the intervention. The control group showed no statistically significant difference in either score after the intervention. [Conclusion] Concentric and eccentric control exercise therapy in children with spastic hemiplegia can be effective in improving gross motor function and balance ability, and can be used to solve functional problems in a paretic leg.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebral palsy; Gross motor function; Strength training

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