Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017 Jan;98(1):2-7. doi: 10.1007/s00128-016-1898-0. Epub 2016 Aug 10.

A Review of Organophosphate Esters in the Environment from Biological Effects to Distribution and Fate.

Author information

1
Wildlife and Landscape Directorate, Science and Technology Branch, Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0H3, Canada. alana.greaves@canada.ca.
2
Department of Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada. alana.greaves@canada.ca.
3
Wildlife and Landscape Directorate, Science and Technology Branch, Environment and Climate Change Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0H3, Canada.
4
Department of Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, K1S 5B6, Canada.

Abstract

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are synthetic phosphoric acid derivatives used in a wide variety of applications including as flame retardants and plasticizers. Their production and usage has increased in recent years, due to the phase-out of other flame retardant formulations (e.g., polybrominated diphenyl ethers). As such, there has been a recent push to understand the global distribution of OPEs and their behaviour in biota. Multiple studies have been published over the last few years pertaining to OPE concentrations in biotic and abiotic environmental compartments, as well as the metabolism of OPEs in biota. This paper aims to provide a brief review of the occurrence and levels of OPEs in the environment, as well as recent developments concerning the elucidation of OPE metabolism in biota.

KEYWORDS:

Birds; Environmental distribution; Fish; Metabolism; Organophosphate ester flame retardants; Review

PMID:
27510993
DOI:
10.1007/s00128-016-1898-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center