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Am J Psychiatry. 1989 Aug;146(8):983-8.

Bipolar affective disorder and high achievement: a familial association.

Author information

1
National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Program on the Psychobiology of Depression--Clinical Studies, Iowa City, IA.

Abstract

The authors studied 442 probands with nonbipolar major depression, 64 with bipolar II disorder, and 88 with bipolar I disorder. Although the proband groups did not differ in occupational or educational achievement, the first-degree relatives of probands with bipolar disorders had significantly higher mean levels of achievement than did those of probands with nonbipolar disorder. This pattern applied whether or not the relatives themselves had bipolar illness. The authors conclude that the socioeconomic advantage previously associated with affective disorder in general may be limited to the bipolar forms.

PMID:
2750997
DOI:
10.1176/ajp.146.8.983
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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