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Am J Med Genet. 1989 May;33(1):100-7.

Male infant with ichthyosis, Kallmann syndrome, chondrodysplasia punctata, and an Xp chromosome deletion.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284.


We report on a male infant with X-linked ichthyosis, X-linked Kallmann syndrome, and X-linked recessive chondrodysplasia punctata (CPXR). Chromosome analysis showed a terminal deletion with a breakpoint at Xp22.31, inherited maternally. This patient confirms the localization of XLI, XLK, and CPXR to this region of the X chromosome and represents an example of a "contiguous gene syndrome." A comparison of the manifestations of patients with CPXR, warfarin embryopathy, and vitamin K epoxide reductase deficiency shows a remarkable similarity. However, vitamin K epoxide reductase deficiency does not appear to be the cause of CPXR. We propose that CPXR may be due to a defect in a vitamin K-dependent bone protein such as vitamin K-dependent bone carboxylase, osteocalcin, or matrix Gla protein.

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