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Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Sep;41(9):1002-4. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2015-0428. Epub 2016 May 11.

Food avoidance in athletes: FODMAP foods on the list.

Author information

1
a Sport Performance Optimisation Research Team, School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Locked Bag 1322, Launceston, Tasmania 7250, Australia.
2
b Canadian Sports Institute - Pacific, Victoria, BC V9E 2C5, Canada.

Abstract

We surveyed 910 athletes to assess behaviours towards self-selected food/ingredient avoidance to minimize gastrointestinal distress. Fifty-five percent eliminated at least 1 high fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) food/category, with up to 82.6% reporting symptom improvement. In athletes indicating that high FODMAP foods trigger gastrointestinal symptoms, lactose (86.5%) was most frequently eliminated, followed by galactooligosaccharides (23.9%), fructose (23.0%), fructans (6.2%), and polyols (5.4%). Athletes avoid predominantly lactose and to a lesser extent other high FODMAP foods to reduce gastrointestinal distress.

KEYWORDS:

diet; diète; elimination; fructans; fructosanes; fructose; gastro-intestinal; gastrointestinal; lactose; élimination

PMID:
27507006
DOI:
10.1139/apnm-2015-0428
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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