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Am Heart J. 1989 Aug;118(2):319-24.

Responses of left and right ventricular ejection fractions to aerobic and anaerobic phases of upright and supine exercise in normal subjects.

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Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048.


The effects of aerobic and anaerobic exercise on ventricular performance were studied in 13 normal subjects who underwent simultaneous pulmonary gas exchange evaluation and exercise radionuclide ventriculography in the supine and upright postures. Right and left ventricular ejection fraction was measured serially at 2-minute intervals during exercise. The anaerobic threshold occurred at 74% and 80% of maximum heart rate, respectively, during upright and supine exercise. Left and right ventricular ejection fractions rose from rest to the anaerobic threshold (p less than 0.01, p less than 0.01, respectively) and there was a further increase between the anaerobic threshold and maximum exercise (p less than 0.01, p less than 0.01, respectively). The rate of rise of ejection fraction beyond the anaerobic threshold was slightly blunted compared with the rise prior to attaining the anaerobic threshold. There was no significant difference in ventricular performance between supine and upright exercise. The data demonstrate that ventricular performance increases steadily during exercise and is not limited by the conversion of aerobic to anaerobic metabolism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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