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OTJR (Thorofare N J). 2015 Oct;35(4):232-8. doi: 10.1177/1539449215601069. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Meaningful Components of Exercise and Active Recreation for Spinal Cord Injuries.

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Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.


This qualitative study used focus groups to identify meaningful components of exercise and active recreation (E/AR) related to consistent participation for those with spinal cord injury (SCI). Transcripts from each focus group were analyzed with classical content analysis, grounded theory coding, and meaning condensation using the International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF). Variables within each of the ICF domains (body structures and functions, activities/participation, and environment) were indicated as meaningful components leading to increased participation, independence, and reasons why people consistently participated in E/AR. Occupational therapists can utilize these components to implement therapeutic intervisions, which provide clients with a sense of purpose and being, thus improving outcomes in meaningful occupations.


Disability and Health; International Classification of Function; physical activity; qualitative

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