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Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016 Aug;24:92-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.05.014. Epub 2016 May 30.

Massage as adjuvant therapy in the management of post-cesarean pain and anxiety: A randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department of Amol, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Electronic address: s.saatsaz@mazums.ac.ir.
2
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department of Amol, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Electronic address: r.rezaei@mazums.ac.ir.
3
Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Electronic address: alipour.abbas59@gmail.com.
4
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery Department of Amol, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. Electronic address: z.beheshti@mazums.ac.ir.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was conducted to determine the effect of massage on post-cesarean pain and anxiety.

METHODS:

The present single-blind clinical trial was conducted on 156 primiparous women undergone elective cesarean section. The participants were randomly divided into three groups, including a hand and foot massage group, a foot massage group and a control group (n = 52 per group). The patients' intensity of pain, vital signs and anxiety level were measured before, immediately after and 90 min after the massage.

RESULTS:

A significant reduction was observed in the intensity of pain immediately and 90 min after massage (P < 0.001). Moreover, changes in some of the physiological parameters, including blood pressure and respiration rate, were significant after massage (P < 0.001); however, this change was not significant for pulse rate. A significant reduction was also observed in the level of anxiety (P < 0.001) and a significant increase in the frequency of breastfeeding (P < 0.001) after massage.

CONCLUSION:

As an effective nursing intervention presenting no side-effects, hand and foot massage can be helpful in the management of postoperative pain and stress.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Cesarean section; Massage; Pain

PMID:
27502807
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.05.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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