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Annu Rev Virol. 2016 Sep 29;3(1):533-553. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Viruses and the Diversity of Cell Death.

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Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405; email:


Cell death is a common outcome of virus infection. In some cases, cell death curbs virus replication. In others, cell death enhances virus dissemination and contributes to tissue injury, exacerbating viral disease. Three forms of cell death are observed following virus infection-apoptosis, necroptosis, and pyroptosis. In this review, I describe the core machinery needed for each of these forms of cell death. Using representative viruses, I highlight how distinct stages of virus replication initiate signaling pathways that elicit these forms of cell death. I also discuss viral strategies to overcome the deleterious effects of cell death on virus propagation and the consequences of cell death for host physiology.


apoptosis; cell death; necroptosis; pyroptosis; virus

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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