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Body Image. 2016 Sep;18:168-86. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.07.003. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Body dysmorphic disorder in different settings: A systematic review and estimated weighted prevalence.

Author information

1
South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address: David.Veale@kcl.ac.uk.
2
The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
3
South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Abstract

Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1.9%; in adolescents 2.2%; in student populations 3.3%; in adult psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adolescent psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adult psychiatric outpatients 5.8%; in general cosmetic surgery 13.2%; in rhinoplasty surgery 20.1%; in orthognathic surgery 11.2%; in orthodontics/cosmetic dentistry settings 5.2%; in dermatology outpatients 11.3%; in cosmetic dermatology outpatients 9.2%; and in acne dermatology clinics 11.1%. Women outnumbered men in the majority of settings but not in cosmetic or dermatological settings. BDD is common in some psychiatric and cosmetic settings but is poorly identified.

KEYWORDS:

Body dysmorphic disorder; Epidemiology; Prevalence; Screening

PMID:
27498379
DOI:
10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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