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Can J Diabetes. 2016 Aug;40(4):355-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.05.015.

The Role of Pulses in the Dietary Management of Diabetes.

Author information

1
Guelph Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: dan.ramdath@agr.gc.ca.
2
Guelph Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Biological Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Pulses are highly nutritious foods that are included as part of Canada's Food Guide to promote healthful eating, and they have established health benefits that can contribute to the dietary management of diabetes. A review of studies that have examined the effects of pulse consumption on health outcomes, integral to the management of diabetes, provides credible evidence for improvements in glycemic control, reduction of blood lipids and regulation of body weight. Results from acute feeding trials suggest that postprandial blood glucose response is significantly attenuated by a single pulse serving of between three-quarters and 1 cup. At lower doses, pulses attenuate postprandial blood glucose response more than similar amounts of starchy foods. Long-term pulse consumption of 5 cups per week appears to result consistently in improvements in glycemic control. There is high-quality evidence that supports a role for pulse consumption in the reduction of risk for cardiovascular disease; this provides a sound rationale for the regular incorporation of pulses at about two-thirds of a cup daily in the management of hyperlipidemia in persons with type 2 diabetes. Pulse consumption can contribute to improving satiety, reducing food intake and regulating body weight, which can reduce obesity risk and, in turn, improve diabetes management. Collectively, available evidence provides very good support for a role of regular pulse consumption in the prevention and management of diabetes.

KEYWORDS:

apport alimentaire; beans; diabetes; diabète; food intake; glucose; glycemic control; haricots et doliques; lentilles; lentils; lipides; lipids; légumineuses; obesity; obésité; peas; pois; pulses; régulation de la glycémie; satiety; satiété

PMID:
27497151
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcjd.2016.05.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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