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Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2017 Jul;67:161-169. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2016.07.029. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

Using cell deformation and motion to predict forces and collective behavior in morphogenesis.

Author information

1
Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, United States.
2
Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, United States. Electronic address: mmanning@syr.edu.

Abstract

In multi-cellular organisms, morphogenesis translates processes at the cellular scale into tissue deformation at the scale of organs and organisms. To understand how biochemical signaling regulates tissue form and function, we must understand the mechanical forces that shape cells and tissues. Recent progress in developing mechanical models for tissues has led to quantitative predictions for how cell shape changes and polarized cell motility generate forces and collective behavior on the tissue scale. In particular, much insight has been gained by thinking about biological tissues as physical materials composed of cells. Here we review these advances and discuss how they might help shape future experiments in developmental biology.

KEYWORDS:

Collective motion; Deformation; Epithelium; Jamming; Morphogenesis; Tissue mechanics

PMID:
27496334
PMCID:
PMC5290285
DOI:
10.1016/j.semcdb.2016.07.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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