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AIDS Behav. 2017 Jan;21(1):12-26. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1504-9.

Understanding HIV-Related Stigma Among Women in the Southern United States: A Literature Review.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, University of Tennessee, 1200 Volunteer Blvd., Room 337, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA. cdarlin2@vols.utk.edu.
2
College of Nursing, University of Tennessee, 1200 Volunteer Blvd., Room 337, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA.

Abstract

Societal stigmatization of HIV/AIDS due to assumptions about transmission and associated behaviors plays a substantial role in the psychosocial well-being of people living with this chronic illness, particularly for women in traditionally conservative geographic regions. Known for social conservatism, the Southern United States (US) holds the highest incidence rate of HIV infection in the US. A systematic search of four databases was used to identify 27 relevant scientific articles pertaining to HIV-related stigma among women living with HIV/AIDS in the Southern US. These studies revealed a rudimentary understanding of stigma sources, effects, and stigma-reduction interventions in this population. Due to the cultural specificity of stigma, further differentiation of stigma in discrete sectors of the South as well as a dialogue about the moral implications of stigma is necessary to lay the groundwork for patient-centered interventions to mitigate the destructive effects of stigma experienced by women in this region.

KEYWORDS:

Discrimination; HIV/AIDS; Health disparities; South; Stigma; Women’s health

PMID:
27492025
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-016-1504-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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