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J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Nov;46(11):3392-3407.

Use of the Modified Checklist for Autism, Revised with Follow Up-Albanian to Screen for ASD in Albania.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.
2
Department of Psychology and Pediatrics, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Rd., Storrs, CT, 06268, USA. deborah.fein@uconn.edu.
3
Department of Neuroscience, Albanian Children's Foundation "Domenick Scaglione" Regional Center for Autism, Tirana Medical University, Tirana, Albania.
4
South London and Maudsley Foundation NHS Trust, London, UK.

Abstract

The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised-Albanian screener (M-CHAT-R-A) was used to screen 2594 toddlers, aged 16-30 months, at well-child visits. Two hundred fifty-three (9.75 %) screened positive; follow up on failed items were conducted by phone with 127 (50 %); the remainder were lost to follow-up. Twenty-six toddlers (21 %) continued to screen positive; 19 received full evaluations, which assessed for ASD with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and developmental delays with the Parents Assessment of Developmental Status-Developmental Milestones. All evaluated children had significant delays; 17 of the 19 met criteria for Autism/ASD. Removal of three items improved performance. Although Albania and the US are quite different in culture and language, key features of ASD appeared very similar.

KEYWORDS:

Albania; Autism/ASD; M-CHAT-R; M-CHAT-R/F; Screening

PMID:
27491423
PMCID:
PMC5074853
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-016-2875-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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