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Plant J. 2016 Dec;88(5):867-878. doi: 10.1111/tpj.13292. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

A double-mutant collection targeting MAP kinase related genes in Arabidopsis for studying genetic interactions.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
2
Horticulture Department and Genome Center of Wisconsin, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Abstract

Mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades are conserved in all eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis thaliana there are approximately 80 genes encoding MAP kinase kinase kinases (MAP3K), 10 genes encoding MAP kinase kinases (MAP2K), and 20 genes encoding MAP kinases (MAPK). Reverse genetic analysis has failed to reveal abnormal phenotypes for a majority of these genes. One strategy for uncovering gene function when single-mutant lines do not produce an informative phenotype is to perform a systematic genetic interaction screen whereby double-mutants are created from a large library of single-mutant lines. Here we describe a new collection of 275 double-mutant lines derived from a library of single-mutants targeting genes related to MAP kinase signaling. To facilitate this study, we developed a high-throughput double-mutant generating pipeline using a system for growing Arabidopsis seedlings in 96-well plates. A quantitative root growth assay was used to screen for evidence of genetic interactions in this double-mutant collection. Our screen revealed four genetic interactions, all of which caused synthetic enhancement of the root growth defects observed in a MAP kinase 4 (MPK4) single-mutant line. Seeds for this double-mutant collection are publicly available through the Arabidopsis Biological Resource Center. Scientists interested in diverse biological processes can now screen this double-mutant collection under a wide range of growth conditions in order to search for additional genetic interactions that may provide new insights into MAP kinase signaling.

KEYWORDS:

Arabidopsis thaliana ; MAP kinase; community resource; double-mutant collection; genetic interaction

PMID:
27490954
DOI:
10.1111/tpj.13292
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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