Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Diabetol. 2017 Jan;54(1):19-36. doi: 10.1007/s00592-016-0892-7. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors on mortality and cardiovascular events: a comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Author information

1
Diabetology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Careggi Teaching Hospital, University of Florence, Via delle Oblate 4, 50141, Florence, Italy. matteo.monami@unifi.it.
2
Diabetology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Careggi Teaching Hospital, University of Florence, Via delle Oblate 4, 50141, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

AIMS:

EMPAREG OUTCOME study showed a reduction in cardiovascular events in patients treated with the sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) empagliflozin, as compared to placebo. Other drugs of the same class are currently been investigated for cardiovascular outcomes. In the meanwhile, a re-analysis of data collected in available studies can add relevant insight.

METHODS:

A MEDLINE search for SGLT-2 inhibitors (dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, canagliflozin, ipragliflozin, ertugliflozin, luseogliflozin) was performed, collecting all randomized trials up to November 16, 2015. All trials with a duration of treatment ≥12 weeks, enrolling patients with type 2 diabetes, comparing a SGLT2i with placebo or other comparators were included. The principal outcome was the effect of SGLT2i on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Secondary endpoints were myocardial infarction and stroke. Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95 % confidence interval (MH-OR) was calculated.

RESULTS:

A total of 71 trials were included (31,199 and 16,088 patients in SGLT2i and comparator groups). Treatment with SGLT2i was associated with a significant reduction in all-cause mortality (MH-OR 0.70 [0.59-0.83], p < 0.001), cardiovascular mortality (MH-OR 0.43 [0.36-0.53], p < 0.001), and myocardial infarction (MH-OR 0.77 [0.63-0.94], p < 0.01), but not stroke (MH-OR 1.09 [0.86-1.38], p = 0.50), with no apparent difference across molecules (after excluding cardiovascular outcome trials).

CONCLUSIONS:

Available data suggest that the beneficial action observed with empagliflozin on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in EMPAREG OUTCOME study is a class effect. The present meta-analysis showed a significantly reduction in myocardial infarction, with no increased risk of stroke.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular events; Meta-analysis; Mortality; SGLT-2 inhibitors

PMID:
27488726
DOI:
10.1007/s00592-016-0892-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center