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J Environ Manage. 2016 Nov 1;182:265-271. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.07.083. Epub 2016 Jul 31.

Biosorption and biodegradation of a sulfur dye in high-strength dyeing wastewater by Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans.

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Faculty of Chemical & Food Technology, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, Viet Nam.
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Chang Gung University, Guishan, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan.
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Chang Gung University, Guishan, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan; Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan. Electronic address:


The ability of the bacterial strain Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans to remove sulfur blue 15 (SB15) dye from water samples was examined. This bacterium could not only oxidize sulfur compounds to sulfuric acid but also promote the attachment of the cells to the surface of sulfidic particles, therefore serving as an efficient biosorbent. The biosorption isotherms were better described by the Langmuir equation than by the Freundlich or Dubinin-Radushkevich equation. Also, the biosorption process followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics. At pH 8.3 and SB15 concentrations up to 2000 mg L(-1) in the biomass/mineral salt solution, the dye removal and decolorization were 87.5% and 91.4%, respectively, following the biosorption process. Biodegradation was proposed as a subsequent process for the remaining dye (250-350 mg L(-1)). A central composite design was used to analyze independent variables in the response surface methodology study. Under the optimal conditions (i.e., initial dye concentration of 300 mg L(-1), initial biomass concentration of 1.0 g L(-1), initial pH of 11.7, and yeast extract dose of 60 mg L(-1)), up to 50% of SB15 was removed after 4 days of biodegradation.


Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans; Biodegradation; Biosorption; Dyeing wastewater; Sulfur dye

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