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J Relig Health. 2017 Dec;56(6):1937-1955. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0293-9.

Spiritual Factors Predict State and Trait Anxiety.

Author information

1
Alliance Graduate School of Counseling, Nyack College, Nyack, NY, 10960, USA. lisa.steiner@nyack.edu.
2
Alliance Graduate School of Counseling, Nyack College, Nyack, NY, 10960, USA.

Abstract

This research study was designed to examine the effect of spiritual well-being and spirituality on state and trait anxiety. Two hundred and thirty-eight adults in the USA were surveyed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Duke University Religion Index, Spiritual Well-Being Scale, and Participant Questionnaire. Results indicate that spiritual well-being can predict 39.1 % of an adult's state anxiety and 37.9 % of trait anxiety. Furthermore, frequency of religious attendance, frequency of private religious activity, and intrinsic religiosity can predict 6.2 % of an adult's state anxiety and 8.6 % of trait anxiety. Recommendations for researchers and implications for clinicians are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Adults; Anxiety; Spiritual well-being; Spirituality; State anxiety; Trait anxiety

PMID:
27485298
DOI:
10.1007/s10943-016-0293-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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