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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Dec;155(6):904-913. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

Predicting Outcomes after Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA.
5
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea jaehoon@kuh.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) remains one of the most common surgical treatments for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. However, the results after UPPP are unpredictable. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to identify predictors of success after UPPP.

DATA SOURCES:

A literature search was performed utilizing PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane Library.

REVIEW METHODS:

The keywords and medical subject heading terms used were uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and UPPP. Studies were included if UPPP was used as a single surgical procedure for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and results were presented separately as responder (surgical success) and nonresponder (surgical failure). Exclusion criteria included pediatric patients and other surgical procedures (eg, nasal and hypopharyngeal) performed at the same time as the UPPP. Age, body mass index, preoperative apnea-hypopnea index, Friedman stage, and several cephalometric variables were compared between responders and nonresponders.

RESULTS:

A total of 1257 studies were screened, with 15 studies included in this meta-analysis. Our results demonstrate that Friedman stage I is a strong predictor for success after UPPP, while Friedman stage III and low hyoid position are negative predictors. Age, body mass index, preoperative apnea-hypopnea index, and other cephalometric measurements were not significant.

CONCLUSION:

Friedman stage and hyoid position are important predictors for UPPP.

KEYWORDS:

Friedman anatomic stage; meta-analysis; obstructive sleep apnea; outcome predictor

PMID:
27484230
DOI:
10.1177/0194599816661481
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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