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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2016 May;16(5):5087-91.

Structural, Electrical, and Optical Properties of ZnO Film Used as Buffer Layer for CIGS Thin-Film Solar Cell.


The CuIn(x)Ga(1-x)Se2 (CIGS) using the solution-based fabrication method is attractive for thin film solar cells because of its possibilities for large-area and low-cost production. ZnO films between transparent conductive oxide (TCO) and the CdS films can improve the performances of CIGS thin-film solar cells. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of ZnO film between TCO and CIGS layers in a solar cell (AZO/ZnO/CdS/CIGS/Mo), which were deposited at various thicknesses to investigate the role of the films in CIGS solar cells. It was confirmed that the conversion efficiency of a CIGS solar cell depends on the ZnO film. For a ZnO film thickness of 80 nm, the highest power conversion efficiency that a solar cell achieved was J(sc) of 18.73 mA/cm2.


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