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Endocrine. 2016 Oct;54(1):206-216. Epub 2016 Aug 2.

Symptom-dependent cut-offs of urine metanephrines improve diagnostic accuracy for detecting pheochromocytomas in two separate cohorts, compared to symptom-independent cut-offs.

Cho YY1,2,3, Song KH4, Kim YN1, Ahn SH5,6, Kim H5, Park S4, Suh S7, Kim BJ5, Lee SY8, Chun S9, Koh JM5, Lee SH10, Kim JH11,12,13.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.
3
Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.
4
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Endocrinology, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
7
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Dong-A University Medical Center, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
8
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
9
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
10
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hun0108@amc.seoul.kr.
11
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jaehyeon@skku.edu.
12
Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea. jaehyeon@skku.edu.
13
Department of Health Sciences & Technology, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea. jaehyeon@skku.edu.

Abstract

The development of advanced imaging techniques has increased the detection of subclinical pheochromocytomas. Because of the substantial proportions of subclinical pheochromocytomas, measurement of urine metanephrine concentrations is crucial due to detect or exclude pheochromocytoma. Although urine metanephrines are elevated in symptomatic subjects, diagnostic cut-offs according to the presence of adrenergic symptoms have not been studied. Pheochromocytomas patients who underwent adrenalectomy at Samsung Medical Center and a control group were compared to determine cut-off concentrations of urine metanephrines. An independent population was analyzed for urine metanephrines with different kits to validate the improvement in diagnostic accuracy using adjusted cut-offs. Symptom-dependent cut-offs of urine metanephrines were higher for symptomatic patients (307 μg/day in males, 235 μg/day in females for urine metanephrine, and 1,045 μg/day in males and 457 μg/day in females for urine normetanephrine) than for asymptomatic patients (206 μg/day in males, 199 μg/day in females for urine metanephrine, and 489 μg/day in males and 442 μg/day in females for urine normetanephrine). Symptom-dependent cut-offs of urine metanephrines improved a specificity from 92.7 % to 96.3 % and a high sensitivity of 97.8 % was maintained. Using the Symptom-dependent cut-offs raised diagnostic accuracy by 5.5 % (p <0.001). Similar trend was also observed in an independent population using different hormone kits. Using symptom-dependent cut-offs of urine metanephrines in symptomatic patients for pheochromocytomas resulted in a significant improvement in diagnostic accuracy in two separate cohorts.

KEYWORDS:

Pheochromocytoma; Republic of Korea; Symptom; Urine metanephrine

PMID:
27481364
DOI:
10.1007/s12020-016-1049-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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