Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sports Med. 2017 Apr;47(4):599-614. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0601-2.

How to Prevent Injuries in Alpine Ski Racing: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go from Here?

Author information

1
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Schlossallee 49, 5400, Hallein-Rif, Austria. joerg.spoerri@sbg.ac.at.
2
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Schlossallee 49, 5400, Hallein-Rif, Austria.
3
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, PO Box 4014, Ullevål Stadion, 0806, Oslo, Norway.
4
Center of Alpine Sports Biomechanics, St. Moritz Health and Innovation Foundation, Via Somplaz 1, 7500, St. Moritz, Switzerland.

Abstract

Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injury and a high proportion of time-loss injuries. In recent years, substantial research efforts with regard to injury epidemiology, injury etiology, potential prevention measures, and measures' evaluation have been undertaken. Therefore, the aims of this review of the literature were (i) to provide a comprehensive overview of what is known about the aforementioned four steps of injury prevention research in the context of alpine ski racing; and (ii) to derive potential perspectives for future research. In total, 38 injury risk factors were previously reported in literature; however, a direct relation to injury risk was proven for only five factors: insufficient core strength/core strength imbalance, sex (depending on type of injury), high skill level, unfavorable genetic predisposition, and the combination of highly shaped, short and wide skis. Moreover, only one prevention measure (i.e. the combination of less-shaped and longer skis with reduced profile width) has demonstrated a positive impact on injury risk. Thus, current knowledge deficits are mainly related to verifying the evidence of widely discussed injury risk factors and assessing the effectiveness of reasonable prevention ideas. Nevertheless, the existing knowledge should be proactively communicated and systematically implemented by sport federations and sport practitioners.

PMID:
27480763
PMCID:
PMC5357247
DOI:
10.1007/s40279-016-0601-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center