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Can J Aging. 2016 Sep;35(3):348-60. doi: 10.1017/S0714980816000404. Epub 2016 Aug 1.

Bem Sex Role Inventory Validation in the International Mobility in Aging Study.

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Pharmacist,PhD Candidate,Université de Montréal.
Department of Public Health Sciences,Queen's University,Ontario.
Postdoctoral Fellow,Institut de recherche en santé publique,Université de Montréal.
School of Medicine,Queen's University.
Institut de recherché en santé publique,Université de Montréal.


This study investigated the measurement structure of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) with different factor analysis methods. Most previous studies on validity applied exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the BSRI. We aimed to assess the psychometric properties and construct validity of the 12-item short-form BSRI in a sample administered to 1,995 older adults from wave 1 of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). We used Cronbach's alpha to assess internal consistency reliability and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to assess psychometric properties. EFA revealed a three-factor model, further confirmed by CFA and compared with the original two-factor structure model. Results revealed that a two-factor solution (instrumentality-expressiveness) has satisfactory construct validity and superior fit to data compared to the three-factor solution. The two-factor solution confirms expected gender differences in older adults. The 12-item BSRI provides a brief, psychometrically sound, and reliable instrument in international samples of older adults.


BSRI; IRSB; aging; gender roles; gender stereotypes; rôles de gendre; structure validation; stéréotypes de gendre; validation de la structure; vieillissement

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