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Urol Clin North Am. 2016 Aug;43(3):289-97. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2016.04.001.

The Epidemiology of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Associated with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Prevalence and Incident Rates.

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Yale University, 2 Whalley Ave, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; New England Research Institutes Inc., 480 Pleasant Street, Watertown, MA 02472, USA. Electronic address:


This article assesses the reported prevalence and incidence rates for benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) by age, symptom severity, and race/ethnicity. BPH/LUTS prevalence and incidence rates increase with increasing age and vary by symptom severity. The BPH/LUTS relationship is complex due to several factors. This contributes to the range of reported estimates and difficulties in drawing epidemiologic comparisons. Cultural, psychosocial, economic, and/or disease awareness and diagnosis factors may influence medical care access, symptom reporting and help-seeking behaviors among men with BPH/LUTS. However, these factors and their epidemiologic association with BPH/LUTS have not been thoroughly investigated.


Aging; Benign prostatic hyperplasia; Incidence; Lower urinary tract symptoms; Prevalence; Prostate disease; Urology

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