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Appetite. 2016 Dec 1;107:126-134. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.07.034. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

Association of TAS2R38 variants with sweet food intake in children aged 1-6 years.

Author information

1
Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, 80337, Munich, Germany.
2
CHC St Vincent, Rue François Lefèbvre, 207, 4000, Liège-Rocourt, Belgium.
3
Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Via Antonio di Rudinì, 8, 20142, Milano, Italy.
4
Children's Memorial Health Institute, Dept. of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Pediatrics, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, 04-730, Warsaw, Poland.
5
Pediatrics Research Unit, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, IISPV, C/ Sant Llorenç 21, 43201, Reus, Spain.
6
Research Unit of Molecular Epidemiology and Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany.
7
Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, 80337, Munich, Germany. Electronic address: office.koletzko@med.uni-muenchen.de.

Abstract

We aimed at studying whether genetic variants of the TAS2R38 gene are associated with energy intake from sweet tasting foods, total energy and macronutrient intake and body weight in children. Children (n = 691) from five European countries were genotyped for the first variant site rs713598 of the TAS2R38 bitter receptor gene. Three-day dietary records were obtained yearly from one to six years of age. Foods were categorized in sweet and non-sweet-tasting. Mixed models were used to describe group differences in food and nutrient intake and BMI z-score over time. TAS2R38 genotype was related to energy intake from sweet tasting foods: Children with PP and PA genotype consumed an average 83 kJ/d (95% CI 21 to 146; p = 0.009) more sweet tasting foods than children with AA genotype and a mean 56 kJ/d (95% CI 15 to 98; p = 0.007) more energy from energy dense sweet products. Intake of sweet tasting foods was lower in girls than boys and differed between countries. TAS2R38 genotype was not associated with the intake of energy, macronutrients, sugar, single food groups and BMI z-score. Despite many other factors influencing food preference and intake in children, actual intake of sweet food items is associated with TAS2R38 genotype. Children with PP or PA genotype consume more (energy dense) sweet tasting foods.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Dietary intake; Food intake; Sugar; TAS2R38; Taste sensitivity

PMID:
27475756
DOI:
10.1016/j.appet.2016.07.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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