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J Environ Radioact. 2017 Jan;166(Pt 3):466-474. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.07.025. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Contribution of radioactive 137Cs discharge by suspended sediment, coarse organic matter, and dissolved fraction from a headwater catchment in Fukushima after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

Author information

1
Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba, 305-8577, Japan. Electronic address: sho.iwagami@gmail.com.
2
Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba, 305-8577, Japan.
3
Department of Sustainable Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 305-8572, Japan.

Abstract

Radiocesium (137Cs) migration from headwaters in forested areas provides important information, as the output from forest streams subsequently enters various land-use areas and downstream rivers. Thus, it is important to determine the composition of 137Cs fluxes (dissolved fraction, suspended sediment, or coarse organic matter) that migrate through a headwater stream. In this study, the 137Cs discharge by suspended sediment and coarse organic matter from a forest headwater catchment was monitored. The 137Cs concentrations in suspended sediment and coarse organic matter, such as leaves and branches, and the amounts of suspended sediment and coarse organic matter were measured at stream sites in three headwater catchments in Yamakiya District, located ∼35 km northwest of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) from August 2012 to September 2013, following the earthquake and tsunami disaster. Suspended sediment and coarse organic matter were sampled at intervals of approximately 1-2 months. The 137Cs concentrations of suspended sediment and coarse organic matter were 2.4-49 kBq/kg and 0.85-14 kBq/kg, respectively. The 137Cs concentrations of the suspended sediment were closely correlated with the average deposition density of the catchment. The annual proportions of contribution of 137Cs discharge by suspended sediment, coarse organic matter, and dissolved fraction were 96-99%, 0.0092-0.069%, and 0.73-3.7%, respectively. The total annual 137Cs discharge from the catchment was 0.02-0.3% of the deposition.

KEYWORDS:

(137)Cs; Coarse organic matter; Dissolved fraction; Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant; Suspended sediments

PMID:
27475667
DOI:
10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.07.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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