Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016 Sep;25(9):1395-403. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2016.04.025. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Effects of two stretching methods on shoulder range of motion and muscle stiffness in baseball players with posterior shoulder tightness: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: h2sutofo@gmail.com.
2
Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
3
Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The cross-body stretch and sleeper stretch are widely used for improving flexibility of the posterior shoulder. These stretching methods were modified by Wilk. However, few quantitative data are available on the new, modified stretching methods. A recent study reported the immediate effects of stretching and soft tissue mobilization on the shoulder range of motion (ROM) and muscle stiffness in subjects with posterior shoulder tightness. However, the long-term effect of stretching for muscle stiffness is unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of 2 stretching methods, the modified cross-body stretch (MCS) and the modified sleeper stretch (MSS), on shoulder ROM and muscle stiffness in baseball players with posterior shoulder tightness.

METHODS:

Twenty-four college baseball players with ROM limitations in shoulder internal rotation were randomly assigned to the MCS or MSS group. We measured shoulder internal rotation and horizontal adduction ROM and assessed posterior shoulder muscle stiffness with ultrasonic shear wave elastography before and after a 4-week intervention. Subjects were asked to perform 3 repetitions of the stretching exercises every day, for 30 seconds, with their dominant shoulder.

RESULTS:

In both groups, shoulder internal rotation and horizontal adduction ROM were significantly increased after the 4-week intervention. Muscle stiffness of the teres minor decreased in the MCS group, and that of the infraspinatus decreased in the MSS group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MCS and MSS are effective for increasing shoulder internal rotation and horizontal adduction ROM and decreasing muscle stiffness of the infraspinatus or teres minor.

KEYWORDS:

Shear wave elastography; baseball; infraspinatus; modified cross-over stretching; modified sleeper stretching; posterior shoulder tightness; teres minor

PMID:
27475455
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2016.04.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center