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Exp Physiol. 2016 Aug 1;101(8):1035-9. doi: 10.1113/EP085779.

Temporal partitioning of cardiac metabolism by the cardiomyocyte circadian clock.

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Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.


What is the topic of this review? This review highlights temporal partitioning of cardiac metabolism by the cardiomyocyte circadian clock. What advances does it highlight? Advances include: 1) cardiac glucose utilization peaks during the active period to meet increased energetic demands at this time; 2) synthesis of glycogen and triglyceride peak in the heart during the latter half of the active period, likely in anticipation of the upcoming sleep/fasting period; and 3) protein turnover increases in the heart at the beginning of the sleep phase, probably to promote growth and repair at this time. Cell-autonomous circadian clocks have emerged as crucial mediators of 24 h rhythms in cellular processes. In doing so, these molecular timekeepers confer the selective advantage of anticipation, allowing cells and organs to prepare for stimuli and stresses before their onset. The heart is subjected to dramatic fluctuations in energetic demand and nutrient supply in association with sleep-wake and fasting-feeding cycles. Recent studies suggest that the cardiomyocyte circadian clock orchestrates daily rhythms in both oxidative and non-oxidative glucose and fatty acid metabolism, as well as protein turnover. Here, I review this evidence and discuss whether disruption of these rhythms can contribute to cardiovascular disease.

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