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Neurocrit Care. 2016 Dec;25(3):458-463.

Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Refractory Status Epilepticus in Herpes Simplex Encephalitis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Wang 021, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA. sbick@partners.org.
2
Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Wang 021, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common cause of viral encephalitis that can lead to refractory seizures. The primary treatment of HSV encephalitis is with acyclovir; however, surgery sometimes plays a role in obtaining tissue diagnosis or decompression in cases with severe mass effect. We report a unique case in which anterior temporal lobectomy was successfully used to treat refractory status epilepticus in HSV encephalitis.

METHODS:

Case report and review of the literature.

RESULTS:

We report a case of a 60-year-old man with HSV encephalitis, who presented with seizures originating from the right temporal lobe refractory to maximal medical management. Right anterior temporal lobectomy was performed for the purpose of treatment of refractory status epilepticus and obtaining tissue diagnosis, with ultimate resolution of seizures and excellent functional outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

We suggest that anterior temporal lobectomy should be considered in cases of HSV encephalitis with refractory status epilepticus with clear unilateral origin.

KEYWORDS:

Epilepsy; HSV encephalitis; Status epilepticus; Temporal lobectomy

PMID:
27473208
DOI:
10.1007/s12028-016-0302-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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